“The Romanian Revolution of December 1989” file reveals astonishing details about the Romanian revolution and ordered the prosecution of several political figures for crimes against humanity.
The subject of December 1989 is a controversial one and perhaps among the bloodiest events in the history of modern Romania. The file from 2022 relates specific details that many witnesses of the time suspected.
According to the indictment in the Revolution file, released on August 17 by the General Prosecutor’s Office, the Romanian military was engaged in a life-or-death conflict with a made-up adversary, the terrorists, under the command of the group organized around Ion Iliescu, Romania’s former president. Prosecutors claim that one regiment fired about 500,000 rounds in a single night during the combat in the Otopeni region in December 1989 between various military detachments that were told they were battling “terrorists.”
The information is deduced from the Historical Register of the 321st Mechanized Regiment Ramnicu Sarat, where it is noted that “the orderly fire regime was not respected, a lot of ammunition was consumed, without a minimum effect, in that no terrorist was destroyed or captured,” and that “the spent ammunition is inventoried.“
The Romanian Revolution file reports the following aspects:
- Being under the terrorist psychosis, intentionally induced by the decision-making factors of the CFSN and the Superior Military Council, the Romanian military, used intentionally improperly, was involved in a life and death struggle with an enemy invented by the same factors;
- In reality, the evidence proves that the Romanian soldiers fought among themselves. All the military operations around Otopeni International Airport represented a tragic situation of fratricidal fire. It stands out that on a single night, a single regiment executed almost half a million shots. In the same perimeter, there were simultaneously numerous other forces of the MApN (Ministry of National Defence) who, of course, also fought fierce battles “with the terrorists.”
The prosecutors are saying that the chaos was also accentuated by the fact that civilians were also involved in the exchange of fire, some of them without any military training.
- The administered probation office also revealed that in the Otopeni-Baneasa area, between December 22-30, many armed, untrained civilians, some even teenagers, acted chaotically.
- Neither during the mentioned interval nor afterwards were the so-called terrorists identified or any evidence of their existence, as in all other areas where fighting took place.
- The research carried out in the case demonstrated that, between December 22, 16:00 and December 30, 1989, there were 857 deaths and 2,382 physical injuries due to the violent confrontations in Bucharest and the main cities of Romania.
- The terrorist psychosis has generated numerous situations of a fratricidal fire, massive consumption of military ammunition, chaotic shootings and, in general, a state of danger to society.
- Between 22 and 30 December 1989, MApN forces fired approximately 12,600,000 rounds, plus hundreds of bands fired by armoured personnel carriers (tanks), numerous grenade launcher and hand grenade (offensive and defensive) strike.
The prosecutors believe that this excessive ammunition consumption “denotes the strong and generalized effects of the terrorist psychosis that existed after December 22, as a result of the exercise of misleading,“ the population being tricked into believing that a terrorist attack is occurring on Romanian ground, leading to actual war.
On August 3, Prosecutor General Gabriela Scutea announced that the Revolution file, which accuses the former president Ion Iliescu, the former deputy prime minister Gelu Voican Voiculescu, and the former head of the Military Aviation, Iosif Rus, of crimes against humanity, had been resubmitted to the Supreme Court.
The so-called “Iliescu group,” which seized political control in Romania in December 1989, was composed of citizens and soldiers the previous government had disgraced. Its goal was to overthrow the former dictator Nicolae Ceausescu while maintaining Romania’s subordination to the former Soviet Union. The individuals who seized power and held significant posts in the Romanian state for many years were part of the group led by former president Ion Iliescu, whose presence he “denied or downplayed.”
Of course, all these details circulated among the population in all these 33 years, but many pieces were covered up. Based on the information from the revolution file, it can be said that the Romanian revolution was a coup d’état masked by mass panic and manipulation. Unfortunately, the events of 1989 remain in a shadow of mystery and pain for the Romanian people, who were victims of the times, manipulated and shaped as they are today.